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Bakong – Temple


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Built around the same time as Preah Ko and officially dedicated in 881 AD by King Indravarman I this was the first Angkor temple built in the temple mountain style constructed of sandstone. Built as the state temple, this was the first temple that enforced the god king concept by naming central focal point – the Lingas, as a combination of the kings name and the god Shiva.

Bakong temple mountain

Bakong temple mountain

Bakong itself measures 700 by 900 meters with three enclosures separated by two moats. Within the inner moat an area of 300 by 400 are the remains of a wall, between in the inner and outer moats are the remains of 22 brick satellite temples. The central enclosure contains 8 brick satellite temples and the central pyramid. The Pyramid is 65 by 67 meters at its base and raises over five tiers to a top platform where the central tower is located. Much like Preah Ko, Elephant statues can be found at the corners of the lower three tiers.

Although initially completed around 881 AD there were numerous later additions in the following centuries that include the central tower, added around the same time as Angkor Wat in the 12th century.