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Pre Rup – Temple


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One of the older sites, Pre Rup was built as the state temple around 961 AD during the reign of king Rajendravarman and is located just to the south of the original Eastern Baray (reservoir). Built in a similar style to many of the earlier temples such as the Bakong or Phnom Bakheng the hill top temple, it follows the same, tiered pyramid design with a wide lower platform.

Looking up the stairs to the top of Pre Rup

Looking up the stairs to the top of Pre Rup

Square in shape the site is surrounded by two perimeter walls, the outer enclosure is a platform bounded by a laterite wall, 117 meters long by 127 meters wide with a causeway giving entry from the east. Within the inner enclosure either side of the eastern gate are a group of 6 towers aligned north to south, however one of the towers closest to the entrance appears to have been never built or removed at a later date.
Continuing through another gate into the inner enclosure on the second platform, there are libraries either side of the eastward path with the final pyramid directly and eastern steps directly in front of you.

The final central pyramid rises over three tiers and is square in shape measuring 50 meters at its base with the top tier measuring 35 meters square. At the top there are 5 towers with the tallest central tower surrounded by a smaller tower at each of the 4 corners. The central tower is raised on 2 smaller tiers raising it above the level of the other towers.

Much like most of the earlier temples, Pre Rup was a Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva, however unlike some of the other earlier temples, it appears that there were other gods venerated here. Originally there were statues of other Hindu deities: Lakshmi, Uma, and Vishnu in each of the 4 surrounding towers on the top tier.